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An Analysis on the Policy Change of Tour Guide Qualification System Focusing the Power Process of Advocacy Coalitions

  • Journal of Tourism Sciences
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2012, 36(2), pp.57-79
  • Publisher : The Tourism Sciences Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Tourism

Youn Taek Lee 1 김현주 2

1한양대학교
2한국문화관광연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This research aims to analyze the political power process affecting the policy change of South Korea’s tour guide qualification system. For this purpose, previous studies on the qualification system, policy change and policy advocacy coalitions were reviewed, and the results of the related researches were discussed. In this study, a research model was developed based on the Advocacy Coalition Framework, which addresses the political power process of advocacy coalitions. A research proposition also was established to identify the influencing factors forming the political power process of advocacy coalitions. Major findings of the research demonstrate that two advocacy coalitions; 'employment-obligation' and 'employment-recommendation', were established and the policy change were made as a result of the resulting power process of these two coalitions. That is, the 'employment-obligation' program was adopted by the coalition of pro-policy change. The findings highlight that this coalition is formed by horizontal networks, reveals shared values and a diversity of strategies. In conclusion, it was suggested that future studies on policy change should employ inclusive approaches covering rational policy change process as well as political power process.

Citation status

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