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A Study on the Elements that Form Residents’ Attitude toward Tourists at an Over-Tourism Destination: A Case Study of Gamcheon Cultural Village, Busan

  • Journal of Tourism Sciences
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2019, 43(7), pp.69-83
  • DOI : 10.17086/JTS.2019.43.7.69.83
  • Publisher : The Tourism Sciences Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Tourism
  • Received : July 15, 2019
  • Accepted : September 4, 2019
  • Published : October 1, 2019

Kim, Songyi 1 Youngeun Kang 2

1한국문화관광연구원
2(주)싸이트플래닝 기업부설연구소

Excellent Accredited

ABSTRACT

Over-tourism occurs when the number of tourists visiting a tourist destination exceeds the carrying capacity of the destination, causing a negative impact on the lives of residents and fostering anti-tourist attitudes among these residents. This study aimed to explore the elements that influence residents’ attitudes toward tourists at an over-tourism destination. This study employed a case study of Gamcheon Cultural Village, Busan, and conducted a survey of 97 residents from the village. Factor analysis and regression analysis were done. The results of the study show that residents’ attitudes toward tourists at an over-tourism destination were primarily formed by their degree of participation in tourism development; attachment to the village; perception of positive sociocultural, economic, and environmental impacts of tourism development; and their perception of negative economic impacts. For the residents who had begun to live in the village before the implementation of tourism development, participation in the tourism development and recognition of the positive sociocultural, economic, and environmental impacts of tourism development were important elements. For the residents who started to live in the village after tourism development had begun, attachment to the village and recognition of the negative impacts of tourism were important elements. This means that in terms of management of an over-tourism destination, the most important factor is residents’ participation in the development process. In addition, for pre-tourism residents, the positive impacts of tourism development should be promoted, while for new residents economic loss should be considered.

Citation status

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