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A Study on Wang Guo-wei’s Practical Criticism of the Superiority of the Five Dynasties & the Northern Song Dynasty’s Ci and Its Theoretical Features

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2017, (35), pp.217-243
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2017..35.009
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : January 15, 2017
  • Accepted : February 8, 2017
  • Published : February 28, 2017

Hong Seu-youn 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research is to clarify Wang Guo-wei’s practical criticism of the superiority of the five dynasties & the Northern Song Dynasty and its theoretical features. These aspects having been excluded from previous research of the Ci-xue theory by Wang Guo-wei. For that purpose, this research thoroughly analysed and translated a total of 154 articles of the Zhou Xi-shan edition of the RenJianCiHua. Those criticisms of Wang Guo-wei about important successive generations of Ci writers have been reconstructed based on those analyzed documents. Three categories resulted from the analyses of the practical criticism and its theoretical features of the superiority of the five dynasties & the Northern Song Dynasty of Wang Guo-wei: highly valued, poorly valued and complex valued. The highly valued category of writers mainly originates from the five dynasties & the Northern Song Dynasty. Representative writers of this group are: Li Yu(李煜) and Feng Yan(馮延巳) Si from the five dynasties and 0u Yang Xiu(歐陽脩), Qin Guan (秦觀) and Su Shi(蘇軾) from the Northern Song Dynasty, with the exception of Xin Qi Ji(辛棄疾) and Na Lan Xing De(納蘭性德), respectively from the Southern Song Dynasty and the Ch'ing dynasty. All the writers belonging to the poorly valued category originate from the Southern Song Dynasty, such as Zhang Yan(張炎), Wu Wen Ying(吳文英), Zhou Mi(周密), Shi Da zu(史達祖) and Wang Yi Sun(王沂孫). Representative writers belonging to the complex valued category are Zhou Bang Yan(周邦彦) and Jiang Kui(姜夔), respectively from the Northern Song Dynasty and the Southern Song Dynasty. The theoretical features of this criticism can be summarized as follows: ‘sincerity of the emotions’, ‘natural form of language’, ‘writer’s style’, ‘relations between the writers through the ages’, and ‘Wen Ren Ci’. This research could be used in the future as elementary material for research on the superiority of the Southern Song Dynasty & the Northern Song Dynasty of the Ch'ing dynasty’s Ci-xue theory.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.