본문 바로가기
  • Home

A Research of Episteme of Shamanism in Ancient China ― Focusing on the Social Status of Shaman in Shang Dynasty

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2017, (35), pp.171-196
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2017..35.007
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : January 15, 2017
  • Accepted : February 8, 2017
  • Published : February 28, 2017

Lim Hyunsoo 1

1한국종교문화연구소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This dissertation is to reexamine the validity of the theory of shamanism in Shang Dynasty. It was presented by Chen Meng Ja and Zhang Guang Zhi. It is that Shang Dynasty was controlled by shamanism and the king of Shang was all the shamans’ leader. On the one hand, oracle bone inscriptions, the documents of divination in Shang Dyasty, are greatly shortage of the data of shamanism. If Shang Dynasty was dominated by shamanism, it is commonsensically proper that there would have been much informations of it in oracle bone inscriptions. Paying attention to the incongruity between theory and sources like that, this dissertation tried to investigate whether the theory of shamanism in Shang Dynasty was true or not. It intended to inquire the social status of shamans in Shang Dynasty as well. The assertion of it was crucially realized by relying on interest in writing. Shang Dynasty performed religious practices such as divination based on writing. In other words, writing was the core of Shang religion. It is sufficiently persuasive that writing restricted and managed the spirituality of shamans in Shang Dynasty, and so there was the opposition between divination groups using writing and shamans. The king of Shang was the head of the former. Consequently the social status of the latter was lower than the former.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.