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A Study on the Aspect of Terms of Address in 『Dream of the Red Chamber』 by Cao Xueqin

  • The Journal of Chinese Cultural Studies
  • 2019, (45), pp.113-138
  • DOI : 10.18212/cccs.2019..45.006
  • Publisher : The Society For Chinese Cultural Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature > Chinese Literature > Chinese Culture
  • Received : July 24, 2019
  • Accepted : August 22, 2019
  • Published : August 30, 2019

Yoon Ae Kyoung 1

1성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

A address term is a word that calls the other person in the conversation directly to draw listener's attention, and a reference term is a word that indicates an object. The address term is relatively independent and can be omitted. On the other hand, the reference term is impossible to omit it, because it forms a linguistic relationship with other sentence components in the sentence. In this paper, I grasped indirectly the aspects of address terms which was used in China's Qing Dynasty, through the analysis of address terms in the classic novel 『Dream of the Red Chamber』written by Cao Xueqin of the Qing Dynasty. Even in the Qing Dynasty, address terms were used in a wide variety of forms. These various types of address term can be classified according to its address subject and internal structure. First, if the address term is categorized according to its address subject, the address term can be divided into the 󰡐kinship term of address󰡑which is used among people of kinship and the 󰡐social term of address󰡑which is used among other members of society. Next, if the address term is categorized according to its internal structure, there is the simplest type of the 󰡐basic kinship term of address󰡑 and the 󰡐general term of address󰡑. And there are types of combination of 󰡐numeral󰡑, 󰡐hao󰡑 or 󰡐qin󰡑, 󰡐lao󰡑 or 󰡐da󰡑 or 󰡐xiao󰡑 and 󰡐wode󰡑 in front of these basic kinship term of address or general term of address. In addition, there is the type that adds a first name or a family name in front of the basic kinship term of address or general term of address. Finally, there is the type of 'family name + first name' or frist name or nickname.

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