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The Effects of Grit, Academic Engagement, and Parenting Styles on the Trajectory of Adolescents’ Happiness

  • Global Creative Leader: Education & Learning
  • Abbr : GCL
  • 2023, 13(3), pp.23-52
  • DOI : 10.34226/gcl.2023.13.3.23
  • Publisher : Research Institute for Gifted & Talented Education, Soongsil University
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : August 22, 2023
  • Accepted : September 16, 2023
  • Published : September 30, 2023

양수연 1 Insoo Oh 2

1한국항공대학교
2이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to explore the longitudinal relationship between adolescents’ happiness and influencing factors in order to find ways to improve happiness from a long-term perspective based on positive psychology. To this end, the survey data for the first to fourth years of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey 2018 (KCYPS 2018) were used, and the final analysis was conducted on a total of 2,160 first-year middle school panels. The trajectory of happiness was confirmed through the unconditional model analysis of the latent growth model, and through the condition model analysis of the latent growth model, it was verified whether grit, academic engagement, and positive and negative parenting attitudes were significantly predicted. As a result, first, adolescents’ happiness gradually decreased over the fourth year. Second, grit, academic engagement, and positive and negative parenting attitudes significantly predicted the initial value of adolescents’ happiness and significantly affected the decreasing rate of happiness. This study is significant in that it suggested the direction of longer-term educational intervention to promote happiness so that adolescents can realize happiness even in the process of studying by utilizing positive psychological academic variables.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.