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The study on the restoretion program for flood in Won-ju and Won-seong by the relief and rehabilitation committee in 1970s

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2011, (104), pp.231-292
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Kim So Nam 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on analyzing the restoration programme for flood in Won-ju and Won-seong by the relief and rehabilitation committee in the late 1970s. The torrents of rain on August 14th, 1976, in Won-ju and Won-seong had caused much to the inhabitant farmers in both human lives and property. The relief and rehabilitation committee was conducted the countermeasures against natural calamities project, financed by Caritas and Misereor, for flood affected farmers as the food supply programme, medical support programme, food supply programme for children and day care centers, land restoration, restoration of irrigation facilities, flood rehabilitation, farming capital loans and support for cooperative activities. Most of the cooperatives which were then organized for the various long-term rehabilitation programmes and urgent flood relief programme have grown into credit unions, through the operation of which the poor farmers could learn a cooperative mentality to help each other in living. As they discussed and decided their common matters in their meetings, naturally they came to acquire the capacity necessary for dealing with things independently, democratically and reasonably in cooperation. To foster cooperative spirit and to train a new type of farmer-leaders, training courses were held and these became a great help for the management of their cooperative associations and for the development of the abilities of the farmers. For this programme, first of all a survey was made and then leaders in the villages were invited for a training courses. Moreover, new types of courses were necessary, in the villages local courses, staff training for the management of cooperative associations, training courses for women, and we learnt that such training is possible. Many courses which were held for human development in these program influenced the participants to create new relations among farmers such as human, social and economical. The community development program showed the possibility of the developing the village in the democratic development and the collaborative experience of the farmers, as well as the potential of the peasant movements. These experiences could be the pioneering assets in the peasant movements of the Korean Catholic Farmers' Movement and they were the great role in pioneering in the farmer educations of the Christian Academy's peasant movements in the 1970s.

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