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Taoist temples in the Koryo Dynasty Periods

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2012, (108), pp.71-100
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

kim Cheolwoong 1

1단국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study deals with the Taoist temples on the Taoism development during the Koryo Dynasty. There were many Taoist temples in the Koryo Dynasty Periods. For example, there were Guyodang, Bokwongung,Sinkyeokjeon, Sokyeokjeon, Jeongsasaek, Taecheongkwan and so on. This paper deals with Sinkyeokjeon, Sokyeokjeon, Jeongsasaek, Sojeonsaek,cheongkaebaeseongso. King Yejong and his advisor group devised the new policy to renovate the education and culture, and to stabilize the people’s livelihood in order to save the difficult situation. They attached importance to the diplomatic relations with Sung China and the cultural import. They adopted Taoism as a part of that policy. They expected Taoist to pray gods for the salvation of the kingdom. Moreover, a idea of Taoist ritual Cho was that a king’s ruling was ordained by Heaven. That idea had the effect of strengthening the status of king. Therefore they was built the Taoist temples since the medium term of the Koryo Dynasty. There used to be Sinkyeokjeon, Sokyeokjeon, Jeongsasaek,cheongkaebaeseongso and so on in the capital of Koryeo. The places for Taoism rituals could be classified into palaces and Taoist temples. and more events were often held in palaces. Taoism rituals were held mainly to hope that climates would be moderately harmonized and that strange phenomena disappear. Samkye rituals and Taeil rituals were often held. But In the early Joseon Bokwongung, Shinkyeokjeon, Jeongsasaek, Guyoudang,Sojeonsaek, Taecheongkwan were removed. Only Sokyeokjeon remained the Taoist temple of the Koryo Dynasty. it was the form of combining several Taoist temples.

Citation status

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