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Discourse on the Modernization of Tradition and the Creation of National Subjectivity - Park Jong-hong’s Post-colonial Strategy and Colonized (Un)consciousness -

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2014, (116), pp.435-478
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Sangrok Lee 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Park Jong-hong was one of philosophical thinking to configure ‘the National’ was made in the process of imitation and transformation of the Japanese intellectuals during Colonial Era. He was able to do through the ‘awareness’ concept of a representative character, Nishida Kitaro of Kyoto School deploy philosophical thinking about ‘national subjects’. He encountered with Heidegger through Miki Kiyoshi. Park Jong-hong had paid much attention to the philosophical thinking ‘crisis of modernity’ that after discussing the impact of the Kyoto School. However, Chong-hong Pak had a self-conscious as a ‘backward people’ in the post-colonial Korea as it was not able to accept western criticism of modern philosophy. His philosophical topic since the 1950s, was not a ‘modern criticism’, was the ‘modern achievements’. Park Jong-hong had argued that could lead to new ideas to overcome the crisis of the modernity to accommodate modern technological civilization of the West based on Korean traditions. He was considered more important than what is out in the ‘backward countries’ status in order not to be a “Loser of the day”. He highlighted were the ‘tradition’, then it was not just the past, the tradition itself. It was a kind of clue to find the resources in the affirmative, which can overcome the ‘backwardness’. Park Jong-hong sought the resources needed to overcome the backwardness and modernization march in the tradition. He was connected to the Confucian tradition of the Joseon Dynasty and the National ethical practice of the awareness and integrity. He highlighted were the ‘national subjectivity’ since the 1960s, which was coupled with the need of rulership for configuring actively embark on industrial subjects have the will and commitment. After the WWⅡ the Kyoto School philosophers of Japan have enacted the <Expected Japanese> to construct a ‘new national subject’, Park Jong-hong had a strong influence on the Kyoto school shortly thereafter was based on the <National Education Charter> to raising ‘national subject’ in Korea. After December 1970 the President appointed a special adviser he produced an ideology advocating the authoritarian leadership and commitment of the President in 1972 after the establishment of the Yushin(Revitalizing Reforms) Constitution.

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