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Review of the Significance in Establishing Jinheungwang Sunsubi

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2015, (118), pp.43-78
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Park, Cho-rong 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study originates from the question of why King Jinheung established sunsubi (monuments commemorating the king’s tour). The kings of the Three Kingdoms before King Jinheung had also performed sunsu (tour of the country), but there are no records or epitaphs proving that they had established sunsubi. In addition, the form of Jinheungwang Sunsubi is unprecedented in previous Silla or Goguryeo monuments. Chapter 2 examined the process in which sunsu(巡狩) rites were established in China, as well as cases in which sunsubi was constructed. This provided a reference of square stones(刻石) built after the sunsu by Qin Shi Huang when sunsubi was built in Silla, and sunsubi of the north latitude. Moreover, 『Classic of Documents(尙書 Sangseo or 書經 Seogyeong)』 that is presented frequently as the evidence of sunsu may have served as an important material for Jinheungwang Sunsubi. Chapter 3 reviewed Jinheungwang Sunsubi in the perspective of sunsu rites(儀禮), assuming that King Jinheung’s sunsu was performed after accepting China’s concept of sunsu. Furthermore, this study intended to clarify the social and ideological significance of King Jinheung’s sunsu. The reason why sunsubi claimed to advocate the ideology of royal politics based on 『Classic of Documents』 was interpreted in line with the change in the local ruling system. The attempt to win popularity from the public with moral influence (德化) was grounded on the social and ideological change in which the subjugated class under the indirect rule during the era of Maripgan was perceived as the citizens(公民) of the king in the 6th century. This perception will be the answer to the question of why sunsu was performed and the epitaph was written based on China’s concept of sunsu. According to China’s concept of sunsu, the term refers to how the emperor(天子) confirms his authority through a memorial service(祭儀) and secure legitimacy to rule by inspecting civil affairs(民政). Accordingly, China’s sunsu was adopted by Silla as a universal logic to support the legitimacy of the king’s rule over the newly acquired regions and the people(民). In fact, this ideology might have been proclaimed directly or indirectly in the process of sunsu rites. Jinheungwang Sunsubi was established as the final output and symbol of such sunsu rites.

Citation status

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