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An Analysis of Records on Jajang(慈藏)’s Acts in Tang

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2016, (122), pp.5-37
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Jungseop Youm 1

1중앙승가대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Jajang was the famous monk who established the system of Silla Buddhism in the early age of Silla. Jajang went to Chinese Tang and studied Buddhism for 5 years from AD 638 to 643. Among Jajang’s acts in Jangan of Tang, what we can first see is that he was respected by Tang’s royal family. It means that Jajang was not just a monk to learn the Buddhism but a diplomat to represent Silla Dynasty. Furthermore, Jajang showed a miracle as the Yul(vinaya) master in Jangan right after entering Tang. It was even before he met Doseon(道宣) at Jongnamsan(終南山). With these, we can see that Jajang’s position as the Yul master was not acquired in Tang but in Silla already. And, from Beobsang(法 常)’s respect toward Jajang, it is possible to infer the influence of Seobnonhag(攝論學) and Hwaeom Idea(華嚴思想). Next, in his acts at Jongnamsan, Jajang stayed for 3 years at a grass cabin located in the east of Wunjesa(雲際寺) and made a miracle as Yul master. As he had a high position and firm dignity as the Yul master, it may be said that he associated with Doseon on the equal footing. In other words, Doseon’s influence on Jajang might be the horizontal communion rather than the vertical teaching. Jajang’s acts in Tang had deep relation with his works as Daegugtong(大國統) for national Buddhism after returning to Silla. In this respect, the review of Jajang’s acts in Tang can have a sufficient significance in relation with Jajang’s life and Silla Buddhism.

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