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A Study on the Later Baekje Kingdom’s Diplomacy with China

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2016, (122), pp.39-77
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Inuk Heo 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Later Baekje Kingdom’s exchanges with China were investigated centered on its relations with the Wuyue Kingdom in the Zhejiang region and the Later Tang Dynasty of the Five Dynasties. The diplomatic ties between the Later Baekje Kingdom and the Wuyue Kingdom began as late as in the mid 890s and lasted until the fall of the Kingdom. Their ties had the practical purpose of keeping Goryeo in check. Such purpose was confirmed by the Wuyue Kingdom’s support for the Later Baekje Kingdom’s killing of a Goryeo hostage. The Later Baekje Kingdom tried to expand its global reach by establishing diplomatic ties with the Later Tang Dynasty in 925, which had been newly founded, and with the Khitans in 927 with an eye on keeping Gorye in check. However, its relationship with the Khitans had negative impact on its relationship with the Later Tang Dynasty. Because for the Later Tang Dynasty, the alliance between the Later Baekje Kingdom and the Khitans could pose a threat to them so they understandably expressed opposition to the Later Baekje Kingdom’s relationship with the Khitans and started keeping a distance from the Kingdom by supporting Goryeo. Since then, what changed the Later Baekje Kingdom’s foreign relations was the usurpation of the throne by Gyeon Singeom in 933. Because a crack in the Later Baekje Kingdom’s relationship with the Wuyue Kingdom appeared when Gyeon Hwon who had maintained friendly relations with the Wuyue Kingdom fell from the power. Singeom tried to bring about a change to the Later Baekje Kingdom’s diplomatic platform by using the Qingtai era of the Later Tang Dynasty. However, the change did not have big effect on improving the relations with the Later Tang Dynasty as the Later Baekje Kingdom was ultimately destroyed.

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