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Analysis of residency and burial site in the epitaph of the refugees of Koguryo

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2017, (127), pp.261-312
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Sujin Kim 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

An epitaph on a tombstone provides about personal information the deceased such as residency and burial site, which was considered to be subsidiary records. However the record of private residence and burial site demonstrates the spatial stature of one’s lifetime and the other side. The epitaph on the tombstones in Chang’an and Luoyang involves significant clues to trace of the refugees of Koguryo. The bureaucrats of Tang preferred to reside at the east side of the main road of Chang’ancheng. High ranking officials resided at the northen region in front of Daminggong, which was known as the Gold Coast of Chang’ancheng. Owning a residency in the northeastern district in Chang’ancheng, implied power and wealth. The refugees of Koguryo and there descendants such as, Ko Che-sŏk(高提昔), Ch’ŏn Nam-saeng(泉男生), Ch’ŏnbi(泉毖) and Wang Mo-chung(王毛仲) resided in the northeastern district. As this relevant district became popular, the neighborhood was already overcrowded around the mid 8th century. In that time, Ko Sŏn-chi (高仙芝) and Nam Dan-tŏk(南單德), who advanced into Chang’ancheng had no choice but to reside at the central district although they were high ranking officials. High ranking officials generally owned a main house in the northeastern district, and a villa in the western district. Ko Sŏn-chi also owned a main house in the northeastern district, and a villa in the western district. The refugees of Koguryo also resided in Luoyang. As the governmental center moved to Luoyang at the Wu Zhou Period, the refugees engaged in the government also moved. Ch’ŏn Hŏn-sŏng(泉獻誠), Ko Mo(高牟), Wang Mo-chung(王毛仲), Ko Tŏk(高德), Mrs. Ko(高氏夫人), Ko Chin(高震), and Yi Sa-to(李師道) were verified as refugees of Koguryo and their descendants, who resided in Luoyangcheng. However, the residential areas were not classified by social classes as Chang’ancheng, and the refugees’s residency showed no tendency as well. Burial sites were usually constructed in the suburbs nearby residence. The residents of the northeastern district were mostly in Donggyo(東郊), the east suburb. The high ranked refugees’s burial site also shows an identical pattern. Spatial discrimination during lifetime continued after death. Meanwhile, the refugees who moved to Luoyang as bureaucrats, generally constructed their burial sites in Mangshan.

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