본문 바로가기
  • Home

Introduction of Jejoryu Offices in Late Goryeo and Its Meaning

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2017, (127), pp.313-348
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Jounghoon Lee 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the introduction background of the new jejoryu(diverse controlling department) offices and the function and meaning of the jejoryu offices. In order to solve the problem that the six departments, which were the highest administrative bodies of the executive administration in Goryeo, could not control Gaksa(administrative sub-department) and they were operated independently, the government officials who were rich in administrative experience were temporarily appointed to the Pansa(判事) to smoothly carry out the administrative tasks of the six departments. However, the judges were not only set up continuously, but also turned to the regular position receiving the salary. As a result, the original function of the judge was lost. In the late period of the Goryeo, while the central political organization was operated in an independent structure, the king was unable to properly control the individual government offices due to Chinjo(親朝) and Jungjo(重祚). In this situation, the regularization of Pansa worsened the confusion in administrative and state situations. In the late Goryeo age, the Jejoryu offices of Yuan were introduced in order to replace the Pansa office. Yuan had various Jejoryu offices, such as Jegeo(提擧), Jejeom(提點) and Jejo(提調). These offices were assigned to carry out specific tasks or installed over the ministers of specific offices to supervise them. Goryeo noticed such Jejoryu offices and introduced them step by step. In the reform of the ruling system which King Chungseon carried out at his restoration to the power, Jegeo and Jejeom were installed to operate new or strengthened warehouses or supervise the work of the rearranged administrative offices. From the restoration year of King Chunghye, Jejo was introduced, gradually replacing Pansa, Jegeo, and Jejeom. However, in the Goryeo era, Jejo could not completely replace Pansa, and the two were concurrently remained till the beginning of the Joseon Dynasty. Pansa was originally set up to overcome the problems caused by the independent operation of central administrative organizations while not ruling and directing the six departments. Though Jejo was to replace Pansa, Jejo was installed, unlike Pansa, just in the offices with special task such as Chango(倉庫) and Seungnogsa(僧錄司). It means that the operation of political system was changing from the structure that one political office had to supervise the tasks of all sub-offices and to control all the officials to the one that the hierarchy of offices were defined and the offices with higher authority managed or controlled those with lower authority - especially, 6 departments(6 Jos) managed or controlled Gaksa.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.