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The character of Sa-Mun(斯文) in 15th century in the point of role of Literary(文章)

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2017, (127), pp.349-396
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Oh Sehyun 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Sa-Mun(斯文) is the word that Confucius(孔子) express the pride of inherit the cultural heritage of King Wén of Zhōu(周文王). Sa-Mun mean the literary tradition putting together literature, history and philosophy of Zhou Dynasty and also become synonymous with Confucianism. Realistically the status of Literary(文章) toward Sa-Mun’s advance was held in great esteem. But Neo-Confucianism was built in Song Dynasty, the negative recognitions on the role of literary appear and some moralizer emphasize the value of ethics. Ethics-based explaining the confucian scriptures(講經) and literary-based literary composition show different position in the process of holding a gwageo(科擧) between Jeong Do-jeon(鄭道傳) and Kwon Geun(權近) directly after the establishing Joseon Dynasty. Taejong(太宗) of Joseon support Kwon Geun‘s discussion and emphasize the role of literary toward Sa-Mun’s advance in the reality of politics. Besides the topics most frequently discussed on Sa-Mun is the religious service on the Confucian shrine. The discussion that assert Kwon Geun is the most suitable person about the religious service on the Confucian shrine prove the important role of literary toward Sa-Mun’s advance. Seo Geo-jeong(徐居正) is the representative person who emphasize the role of literary toward Sa-Mun’s advance in the late 15th century. He emphasize that the wide knowledge about the confucian scriptures and the various kinds of writings carry out the important role of national spread of Neo-Confucianism. He also emphasize that the decisive role is up to not virtue but literary. Kim Jong-jik(金宗直) is the person who has a interest in the value of literary and the value of ethics. Existing research grasp these simultaneously character as directly-opposed feature. But we need to reconsider the problem that make a dichotomous division between ethics and literary. Also we need to partitively look the role of ethics and literary in the point of practical usefulness. Seong Hyun(成俔) who criticize the ethics as the exclusive character prove that then scholar-official(士大夫) was absorbed in the literary and regard the value of literary as a important thing.

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