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North Korea’s strategy against South Koreaand espionage in the 1950s-1970s

Soo-Ryong Jo 1

1국사편찬위원회

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined changes in North Korea’s strategy toward South Korea during the Cold War and training and activities of North Korean spies. After the Korean War, North Korea’s espionage against South Korea was mainly handled by the Liaison Department under the Central Committee of the Korean Workers’ Party. The Liaison Department dispatched mostly South Korean-born spies, whose mission was largely “the Maneuvering of Connection Line” to recruit their relatives. The policy organization against the South was greatly strengthened through the 4ㆍ19 Revolution and reorganized after the 5ㆍ16 military coup. At this time, a new strategy focused on the construction of an underground party so-called the “Theory of South Korean Revolution” emerged. However, due to the deterioration of the political situation at home and abroad in the late 1960s, hard-liners from the military gained power in North Korea, and they also caused 1ㆍ21 Incident in 1968. After the 7ㆍ4 Joint Communique in the early 1970s, the North shifted to a defensive line, such as the Goryeo Federal System, as the South’s economic growth made it increasingly difficult for the North to be confident of its superiority over the regime. As a result, the focus of espionage against the South moved from a direct operation targeted on relatives to a bypass operation through Japan and other countries.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.