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The Effects of Text Lookback Strategies on Reading Comprehension of Children with Reading Disabilities

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2009, 10(3), pp.283-303
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

최영미 1 Kim, Ja-kyoung 2

1밀양고등학교
2부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of training in text lookback strategy on reading comprehension of children with reading disabilities. The subjects of the study were 4th and 5th grade children with reading disabilities at different elementary schools. A total of 20 children participated in the study. The pretest-posttest control group design was employed for the study by organizing an experimental group and a control group with each of 10 children. No signigicant differences are found in the IQ and reading comprehension scores between groups. The experimental group participated in a 15-session text lookback training and each session run for 40 minutes. As the result, children in the experimental group showed a significant improvement on their responses about text explicit, text implicit, and script implicit questions. Therefore the text lookback strategy was effective on teaching reading comprehension for children with reading disabilities. Implications about strategy instruction for children with reading disabilities and suggestions for the future study were discussed.

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