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Analysis on Characteristics of Social Skills of Students below Normal Visual Acuity Grouped by Degree of Visual Acuity

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2009, 10(4), pp.267-286
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Sunhi Bak 1

1순천향대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of social skills of students below normal visual acuity studying in regular schools. The 73 subjects consisted of 34 students with corrected visual acuity of 0.05 to 0.3 and 39 students with corrected visual acuity of 0.4 to 0.9. Their general education teachers rated 53 items of Social Skills Rating Scale for Students with Visual Impairments(SSRS-SVI) with four-point Likert’s scale. As a result, there was no significant difference between SSRS-SVI total scores of two groups of students grouped by degree of visual acuity. In addition, there were no significant differences between scores of the two groups in self-control, social interaction, and social cognition factors. The mean total score was 3.33 and mean scores of several SSRS-SVI items were below 3.0. The mean score in self-control was higher than those in social interaction and social cognition. The results of this study imply that more structured social skills training included teaching a student to initiate and sustain interaction with other people, teaching a student to introduce himself to others, developing strategies with a student on ways to participate in conversation at the appropriate time, and so on. Therefore, it is necessary to intervene and facilitate the development of specific social skills of children below normal visual acuity. Especially, students with low vision require structured intervention strategies(for example, structured social skills training, peer-mediated social skills training, peer-support social skills models) to learn specific social skills in regular schools.

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