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Types of learning difficulties for children at-risk for learning disabilities from low-income families and characteristics of cognitive ability and academic achievement among them

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2013, 14(4), pp.57-80
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Kim, Jakyoung 1 Kang Hye Jin 2 Kim Ju Young 1

1부산대학교
2광주여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to classify types of learning difficulties forthe children who are at-risk for learning disabilities from low-income familiesand compare cognitive ability and academic achievement among them. Thesubjects of this study were 145 children who might have learning disabilitiesfrom low-income families. Two test of K-WISC Ⅳ, Stroop Color and WordTest were used to measure the cognitive characteristics for them. A test ofKISE-BAAT were used to measure the academic characteristics for them. The results of this study are as follows:First, types of learning difficulties for the children who are at-risk forlearning disabilities from low-income families showed highly in order of no-difficulties > writing-mathematics difficulties > reading-writing-mathematicsdifficulties > writing difficulties > mathematics difficulties > reading-writingdifficulties > reading difficulties. But, there was not type of reading-mathematicsdifficulties. Second, there were differences among four groups in the total scoreand all sub-test of K-WISC Ⅳ. There were differences among four groupsin the Stroop color, Stroop word, Stroop color-word of Stroop Color andWord Test, but not Stroop intervention.Third, there were differences among four groups in the total score andall sub-test except pre-skills of reading test. There were differences amongfour groups in the total score and all sub-test of writing and mathematicstest.

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