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A Literature Review on Single Subject Research about the Improvement of Social Skills in Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2014, 15(3), pp.137-160
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

김귀연 1 Lee Weon-hee 1 Kwak Seung Chul 1 Jina Noh 1

1공주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate theses written from 2005 to2013 in order to look at the general features and trends of the single subjectresearches on the social skills of children with ASD. It is also to examine thequality and satisfaction of evidence-based criteria in international papers writtenbased on quality indicator, a standard for evidence-based practice(EBP) suggestedby Horner et al. (2005). Results of the study are as follows. First, It was found that most participantsof the studies were more than three preschoolers or elementary students. Theseverities of their disability based on Childhood Autism Rating Scale(CARS)did not provided and mild-severe autism. More than a half of the studieswere carried out in schools as a setting for the researchers. Multiple probebaseline across behaviors design and multiple baseline design were used inthe most. Independent variables were usually related to cognitive strategies andpeer intervention. More than a half of the studies chose the effectivenessof improvement in social interaction as dependent variables. Second, the researches were analyzed by using quality indicator which was a standard of the evidence-based practice for the improvement of social skills in children with autism spectrum disorder. It was found that the averagelevel of area satisfaction were description of participants and settings(79.5%),dependent variable(96.9%), independent variable(73.1%), baseline(88.5%),experimental control and internal validity(91.0%), external validity(88.5%), socialvalidity (78.9%). 14 literatures(53.8%) fulfilled the requirements more than19 requirements in total of 21 quality indicators.

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