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Study on Local Practical Cases of Supports for Special Education in Korea and Japan

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2015, 16(3), pp.109-130
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

Park Kyung Ran 1 Park Mee Jung 2

1세한대학교
2위덕대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the local practical cases of supports for special education in Korea and Japan to invigorate the operations of special education support centers in Korea and to sophisticate the supports for Korean special education. One center from each country was selected and each of their application contents was compared and analyzed with that of the other to deduct implications from four different perspectives. First, in terms of the eligibility, the supports for the special education support centers in Korea are equal regardless of the types of disabilities, while the supports are determined by the types of disabilities in Japan. School consulting system in Japan contributes to the professionality of faculty in regular schools. Second, in terms of the contents of the supports, Korean system focuses on the functions of ‘assessment’ and ‘itinerant education’, while Japanese system emphasizes the need for professional workers in school education and for supporting admission and consultation for students and their guardians. Third, in terms of professionality of faculty organization, Korean system is composed of special instructors and therapists, while Japanese system is composed of special instructors, professional consultants, and university professors. Lastly, in terms of database management, the data stored as a record of center operations in Korea is quite insufficient, while related data is well maintained since the foundation of the center in Japan.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.