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The Effects of Integrated Family Support Program for Parents and Children with Disabilities on Family Function, Family Empowerment, and Parenting Efficacy

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2019, 20(1), pp.89-110
  • DOI : 10.19049/JSPED.2019.20.1.05
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : February 13, 2019
  • Accepted : March 22, 2019
  • Published : March 31, 2019

Lee Weon-hee 1 KWON HYUKSANG 1 Kwak Seung Chul 1

1공주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of the integrated family support program for parents and children with disabilities in terms of family function, family empowerment, and parenting efficacy. The family support program was made up of two individual programs with 10 sessions in which parents and children with disabilities could participate together. To this end, 18 parents and 15 children with disabilities have participated in this program. The family support programs for parents consisted of three different domains, such as general special education, educational support for daily living, and legal issues and occupation & welfare. In addition, the family support program for students consisted of four different domains, such as psychological rehabilitation, art activity, play activity, athletic activity. The result of the study showed that the integrated family support programs were effective in making significant differences on pre-post test results on parents' family function, family empowerment, and parenting efficacy. First, family cohesion, the subcategory of family function, was improved significantly, but there was no significant difference on family adaptability. Second, significant differences were found in the areas of family empowerment, such as knowledge, ability, self-efficacy, except self-advocacy. Third, significant differences were found in all five sub-factors of parenting efficacy. Based on these findings, it was concluded that the integrated family support program in which parents and children with disabilities could participate together was useful in improving the family empowerment among families with children with disabilities. In addition, suggestions for family support programs was discussed.

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