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Preliminary Study for Development of Vocational Interest Test for Students with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2019, 20(3), pp.1-17
  • DOI : 10.19049/JSPED.2019.20.3.01
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : May 9, 2019
  • Accepted : May 30, 2019
  • Published : September 30, 2019

Se-Jin Bae 1 SEUNGMIN SONG 2 Park, Hee-chan 3

1아름학교
2강남대학교
3가톨릭대학교

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ABSTRACT

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the response tendency by conducting a preliminary test to develop the vocational interest test for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The individual item distribution biases, the normal distribution by occupation, and statistical differences in occupation scores by region, gender, and school courses variables were analyzed. [Method] The subjects of the study were 336 persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The research tool consisted of 118 items including 5 items for picture understanding, 3 items for exercise, and 5 items for consistency check. Each item of the test consisted of two pictures and a descriptor on one sheet. [Results] The major results of the study were as follows. First, the 14 items with biases, including relatively more in beverage occupation, were found. Second, the distribution of items by occupation was a normal curve. Third, there were statistical differences by occupations according to gender. These results were reflected in development of standardized test items. [Conclusion] This study is meaningful in that it provides preliminary statistical processing and analysis by items and occupations to develop vocational interest test for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

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