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Effects of Appearance Perception and Satisfaction ofVisually Impaired Adult Women on Happiness

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2019, 20(3), pp.19-37
  • DOI : 10.19049/JSPED.2019.20.3.02
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : May 9, 2019
  • Accepted : July 16, 2019
  • Published : September 30, 2019

Kim Doo-Young 1

1단국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] The present study aims to explore the effects of appearance perception and satisfaction of visually impaired adult women on happiness. [Method] This study analyzed survey data obtained from 394 participants who are over 25-year-old and major results are presented as follows. [Results] First, this study found that the perception on the appearance significance as a subfactor of appearance perception was 3.210 in average and the average of appearance interests was 3.211, all of which showed higher levels. Significant difference was noted in appearance significance depending on lifecycle, final academic background, residential region and marriage status. In addition, Significant difference was observed depending on economic activity, marriage status and subjective health status. Second, facial satisfaction as a subfactor of appearance satisfaction was identified as 3.127 in average and the mean satisfaction on body was 2.630. This indicated that body satisfaction felt by visually impaired adult women was considerably lower than facial satisfaction. Significant differences in facial appearance were observed depending on lifecycle, final academic background, residential region, marriage status and subjective health status. Considerable differences in body satisfaction were seen depending on final academic background and subjective health status. Moreover, women with less appearance significance and appearance interests were significantly higher than those with normal or higher appearance significance and appearance interests. Third, the effects of their appearance perception and appearance satisfaction on happiness indicated that the importance of appearance as a subfactor of appearance perception gave negative impacts on happiness. In contrast, the level of interest in appearance as a subfactor of appearance perception and facial satisfaction as a subfactor of appearance satisfaction gave positive impacts on happiness. [Conclusion] Based on the above results, this study discussed a couple of effective methods for improving happiness of visually impaired women.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.