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Exploring Direction through Analyzing Trends in Phenomenological Qualitative Research in Special Education Field

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2020, 21(2), pp.47-79
  • DOI : 10.19049/JSPED.2020.21.2.03
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : May 8, 2020
  • Accepted : June 8, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

Lee Weon-hee 1

1공주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] Phenomenological research can be applied to various fields of study in special education in terms of philosophy or methodology, and qualitative research using phenomenological research methods is also increasing in fact. In order to explore direction of phenomenological research, I would like to examine the research trends applying philosophical background and phenomenological methodology in the field of special education and suggest future direction. [Method] From 2005 to 2019, a total of 53 papers published in domestic journals were selected using phenomenological research methods. It was examined how the research topics, research purposes, philosophical and methodological background, data collection and analysis, and the application status of the phenomenological method were. [Results] First, when looking at the results of applying phenomenology to philosophical theory, most of the studies have explored the meaning of special education phenomena through participants’experiences or suggested directions for support. Only four studies applying phenomenology to philosophical theory. In the methodological aspect, many studies have not been clear about the background of phenomenological research. Interviews were mainly used for data collection, and data analysis showed a tendency to apply the methods suggested by domestic and foreign scholars. It has been found that studies that provide concrete methods for the phenomenological research method ‘phenomenological reduction' are very insufficient. [Conclusion] The direction of phenomenological qualitative research in the field of special education is as follows. First, the research subject and purpose should be expanded based on the philosophical orientation of phenomenology. Second, a proper understanding of phenomenological reduction is necessary. Third, the hermeneutic circulation method should be applied to the data collection and analysis process. Fourth, various types of phenomenological research should be applied.

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