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The Effect of UDL-based Phonological Awareness Program on Phonological Awareness Ability of Multicultural Students with Reading Difficulties

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2020, 21(3), pp.175-198
  • DOI : 10.19049/JSPED.2020.21.3.08
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : August 7, 2020
  • Accepted : August 28, 2020
  • Published : September 30, 2020

Shin, EunSun 1 WOO JEONG HAN 2 Yong-Wook Kim 1

1대구대학교
2대구사이버대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] Multicultural students have difficulty in reading due to a lack of awareness of spoken language and phonological system caused by the influence of the family environment. Therefore, it is necessary to teach phonological awareness for reading which is the most important in school learning. The purpose of this study is to develop a phonological awareness program based on the universal design for learning and apply it to multicultural students with reading difficulties to see the effects of the program. [Method] A total of 15 sessions of phonological awareness program were applied to two multicultural students with reading difficulties in elementary school. [Results] First, based on the phonological awareness development stage and the phonological awareness characteristics of the multicultural students with reading difficulties, 15 sessions of phonological awareness program using UDL was developed. The five areas of the program are reading consonants and vowels, syllable recognition, body-coda recognition, onset-rhyme recognition, and phoneme recognition. Second, as intervention progressed, phonological awareness ability of students was improved. [Conclusion] The UDL-based phonological awareness program was effective in improving phonological awareness ability of multicultural students with reading difficulties.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.