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Development of Haptic Signals for Deafblind People: An Action Research Study

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2023, 24(1), pp.123-149
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : February 7, 2023
  • Accepted : March 10, 2023
  • Published : March 31, 2023

Koh, Kounghee 1 Paik, Eun Ryoung 1

1총신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] The population’s status this research aimeds to improve the communication environment for the Korean deafblind population by developing haptic signals based on Korean culture. The research question“What haptic signals are to be developed for deafblind people in Korea?”[Method] An overall action research process was implemented three times based on Kemmis and McTaggart’s research model (2007) repeatings the spiral model (Plan → Act & Observe→ Reflect → Revised plan→ Act & Observe → Reflect). Qualitative analysis of the research was carried out utilizing Miles and Huberman’s (1994) three stages of qualitative analysis procedures (Data Reduction → Data Display → Conclusion drawings / Verification) to analyze the qualitative data including interviews, observations (videos, photos, and pictures), and field diaries. [Results] Three rounds of action research were conducted and 74 haptic signals were developed through the research. These include 20 for environmental situations, 16 for emotional expressions, 8 for colors, 6 for people, 8 for food, and 16 for others in detail. [Conclusion] First, the selection criteria for haptic signal words were determined. Second, the research verified the necessity of deafblind people’s participation in this research. Third, haptic signals should be developed simply and easily. Fourth, haptic signals suitable for the situation should be used. Fifth, training is needed for deafblind persons, sign language interpreters, their families, and activity supporters, and such training should be repeated, Sixth, the necessity of continuous development of haptic signals was confirmed.

Citation status

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