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Abuse against People with Disabilities Analyzed by the Duluth Model: Focusing on the Movie “Awoke”

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2023, 24(1), pp.207-237
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : February 7, 2023
  • Accepted : March 7, 2023
  • Published : March 31, 2023

Jung, Yongmin 1 Jo, Han-jin 1

1대구대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] In this study, the Duluth model, which was presented as a multilateral analysis framework for factors of spousal abuse based on women's studies, was applied as a method of analyzing abuse of disabled people, which has been relatively inactive, to discuss the causes of abuse and social components. In addition, this study tried to analyze a movie based on a true story to minimize the sensitivity of abuse and to examine abuse in depth from a holistic perspective. [Method] In this study, 84 scenes out of a total of 91 scenes in the movie were categorized into three perspectives: scenes of the subjective nature of abuse, scenes of the objective nature of abuse, and scenes of the subjective nature of society that could have made abuse possible. In particular, the abuse was analyzed based on the Duluth model, focusing on the subject of the abuse. [Results] The results of analyzing the abuse of disabled people in the movie “Awoke”, which is the case of this study, with the Duluth model are as follows. First, abuse of people with disabilities occurs in the form of multiple abuse, not just one form. Second, people with disabilities who are exposed to social exclusion and dependence are provided with a vulnerable state. Third, abusers can strategically exploit vulnerability, and social, environmental, and cultural factors reinforce the vulnerability of persons with disabilities. [Conclusion] The suggestions of this study are as follows. First, exploitation of vulnerability needs to be considered abuse. Second, follow-up studies for calculating the causes of abuse should be activated. Third, it is necessary to develop a tool for victimization of abuse that can explore attempts to exploit vulnerability and socially constitutive conditions. Fourth, efforts to establish a social safety net to prevent abuse of people with disabilities are needed.

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