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Effects of Literacy and Educational Application of Special Teachers in Idiomatic Language Instruction Through Illustrations and Easy Writing Composition of Good Idea for Students with Hearing Impairment

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2023, 24(3), pp.85-110
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : August 9, 2023
  • Accepted : August 31, 2023
  • Published : September 30, 2023

Kim, Yeung-Ik 1

1영남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] This study aimed to find out the effect of idiom instruction through illustrations and easy text composition on the literacy of hearing-impaired students and the educational applicability of special education teachers. [Method] The literacy test was conducted 2~3 times a week, 34 sessions in total, with 3 middle and high school students with hearing impairment (cochlear implant) in a multi-baseline design. Educational applicability was verified and confirmed through pre- and post-design. [Results] First, literacy ability, which showed little improvement to less than 11% at the baseline stage, showed an increase in achievement rate that gradually improved as the intervention began. In particular, it showed a high achievement rate of 75% or more before the end of the intervention phase. In the average of the 3 sessions in the maintenance phase after the intervention was completed, all 3 participants showed a positive achievement rate of 81% in understanding ability and 62% in writing ability. Second, the educational applicability of special education teachers was able to confirm a very improved positive change from 5.0 points (67.1%) beforehand to 6.9 points (98.7%) afterward on a 7-point rating scale. As for the detailed questions of educational applicability, the highest change was shown in the suitability of instructional media for students with hearing impairment, universal learning design, and learning application effectiveness. [Conclusion] Looking at the results of this study, it can be concluded that idiom instruction through illustrations and easy text composition is effective for the literacy of hearing-impaired students and the educational application of special education teachers. Therefore, based on this in the future, set various learning goals that should be acquired by life cycle for students starting early school age, middle and high school students with hearing impairment, and adults, and organize the contents to compose illustrations and easy writing As a result, it is hoped that follow-up research using educational services of various visual information (video-caption photos, pictures, illustrations, etc.) that are easy and fun with positive motivation will continue.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.