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Perceptions and Needs of Special Education Teachers on the Utilization of Remote Education Platforms for Students with Disabilities: Focusing on Open Learning Platform

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2023, 24(3), pp.53-84
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : August 9, 2023
  • Accepted : August 28, 2023
  • Published : September 30, 2023

KIM DONGKYU 1

1교육부

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] This study investigates the perceptions and needs of special education teachers regarding a remote education platform for students with disabilities, termed an “Open Learning Platform.” [Method] A survey was developed based on the findings of a literature review and prior research, and 154 special education teachers responded to the survey. Their responses were analyzed using frequency analysis and cross-tabulation. [Results] The survey revealed, firstly, that the need for an Open Learning Platform was high during the COVID-19 period and remains high afterward, but the actual utilization of one is low. The readiness of special education teachers to use an Open Learning Platform is average, though they perceive its use positively in terms of improving the learning and digital capabilities of students with disabilities. The most common type of class using an Open Learning Platform is teacher-centered, and the most frequently used method for adopting such a platform is the combination of online and offline educational activities. Secondly, the teachers were satisfied with the main features and infrastructure of a proposed Open Learning Platform. The suggested improvements for the system and its key features were the development and inclusion of customized learning programs reflecting the characteristics of students with disabilities. For infrastructural improvement, the development and distribution of content were highlighted, and in terms of policy-related improvements, the development and distribution of appropriate textbooks were emphasized. For special education teachers, the ability to utilize content was the top criterion for the utilization of an Open Learning Platform. [Conclusion] This study captured the perceptions and needs of special education teachers, with implications for how best to promote the active use of an Open Learning Platform in the field of special education.

Citation status

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