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Exploratory Research on the Sign Language Acquisition Process of Hearing-Impaired Students in Hearing Familiesy -The Case of Hearing-Impaired College Students in China-

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2024, 25(1), pp.29-64
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : February 7, 2024
  • Accepted : March 4, 2024
  • Published : March 31, 2024

Wang, Jun-Zhen 1 KWON, SOON WOO 2

1대구대학교 대학원
2대구대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

[Purpose] This study examined the process of acquiring Chinese Sign Language by nine hearingimpaired college students living in a hearing familiesy and investigated their perception of the acquisition and use of these languages. [Method] The study used qualitative research methods to recognize each individual’s unique experience. The researcher attempted to objectively deduce the subjects’ language acquisition process and language perception through the overall research process, which covered interviews, recordings, and analysis. [Results] First, the participants’ interaction with peers was the main path to learning sign language. All subjects in the present study developed a hearing impairment during the sensitive period of language acquisition, this being a time when children cannot decide their own first language. As a result, the parents who believed that acquiring sign language would negatively affect their children’s spoken language acquisition and hence objected to their children’s learning it decided that spoken language should be their child’s first language. Second, the language skills and frequency of language use of the research participants affected their preference for their native language. Those who had used spoken language since childhood considered this to be their native language, while those whose sign language skills were better than their spoken language skills regarded sign language as their native language. [Conclusion] Mainstream culture and mainstream language influence the language perception of people with hearing impairment. Although most of the participants in this study liked sign language, they also acknowledged that spoken language is important and necessary for integration into mainstream society.

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