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Nature as Melody of Merleau-Ponty

  • The Journal of Aesthetics and Science of Art
  • Abbr : JASA
  • 2011, 34(), pp.225-254
  • Publisher : 한국미학예술학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Other Arts and Kinesiology
  • Published : December 30, 2011

Young-Joo Yoon 1

1홍익대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examines the relation between the human and the nature, investigated in The Structure of Behavior of Merleau-Ponty. He may not be considered as a nature philosopher, however his idea about the nature suggests the notion of flesh which is the main stream of his later researches. Most of all, Merleau-Ponty describes the matter, life and mind in The Structure of Behavior as a hierarchically nested gestalt. The forms established by three orders in human body are integrated dialectically. But he argued that the gestalt theories fails to develop into a new ontology which would overcome the opposition relation between spiritualism vs materialism characterized within the substantialism, therefore gestalt theories could not get over from the materialism perspectives. So he developed the meaning of human behavior in his particular way, it is so called the humanistic dialectic. Mearleau-Ponty also compares our body with the orchestra symphony in unity which each scale represents meaning. His interest about the unity involving three orders is directly connected to the issues about perceptions. This study investigates Merleau-Ponty's precise research about the structure of human behavior discussed in Structure of Behaviors which was the foundation of Phenomenology of Perception, and also this study demonstrates the relation between gestalt forms and music arts with the examples of Beethoven and Mahler's pieces. The notion of flesh which is the main idea of Merleau-Ponty's theories, is not abstract at all and this study is the first step which shows his idea of flesh can be concretely demonstrated.

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