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A Study on the Cultural Meaning of the Name ‘Koguryo(高句麗)', based on ‘Dongyi(東夷)' in the Oracle-Bone Inscriptions and ‘Kuryo(九黎)' in the Pre-Qin Documents

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2009, (19), pp.1-27
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2009..19.001
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 28, 2009

Kyung Il Kim 1

1상명대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Central to this paper is a hypothesis that 'Kuryo(句麗)' the core part of name 'Kokuryo(高句麗)' is derived from the name 'Kuyi(九夷)' which means nine kinds of Yi(夷) tribes. In a previous article 'A Study on the Word 'Dongshi(東尸)', the Origin of the Name 'Dongyi(東夷)' in the Oracle Bone Inscriptions of the Yin Dynasty', I proved that the name 'Dongshi(東尸)' in Yin Oracle Bone Inscriptions was the origin of 'Dongyi(東夷)‘. In another previous article 'A Study on relation of 'JiuWu(九巫)' of the Oracle Bone Inscriptions and 'JiuYi(九夷)' of the "ZhuShuJiNian(竹書紀年)"etc.', I also verified that the 'Dongyi(東夷)' was sometimes called 'Kuyi(九夷)' which meant 'Yi(夷)' consisted of nine kinds of tribes. This record reveals the possibility that the 'Dongyi(東夷)' also consisted of nine tribes. In this context, I argue that 'Kuryo(句麗)', the core part of name 'Kokuryo(高句麗)' was originated from 'Kuyi(九夷)'. To prove the phonetic relationship between 'Kuryo(句麗)' and 'Kuyi(九夷)', this paper conforms that the initial of 'Ku(句)' and the initial of 'Ku(九)' have same reconstructed consonant *k-, so 'Ku(句)' of 'Kuryo(句麗)' and 'Ku(九)' of 'Kuyi(九夷)' can be converted due to the phonetic loan phenomenon 'Jiajie(假借)'. In rhyme field, 'Ku(句)' and 'Ku(九)' also can be exchanged because of same final, same main vowel. As for 'Yi(夷)' and 'Ryo(麗)' two characters also can be exchanged because not only are their initials close but their finals belong to same rhyme group.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.