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A Contrastive Study on the Epistemic Modality Expressions of Chinese and Korean – With Focus on the Method of Grammatical Expression –

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2013, (31), pp.51-83
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2013..31.003
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 28, 2013

Choi Jaeyoung 1 Suh, Jieun 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Modality is a semantic category that indicates the subjective attitude of the speaker towards the proposition. As a kind of modality, epistemic modality indicates the speaker’s speculation about the possibility of the proposition, and can be further divided into [necessity], [probability], and [possibility] according to the degree of the speaker’s commitment. The method of expression of modality differs from one language to another. This paper illustrates the modal expressions of the Chinese and Korean languages, which are different from each other. It then classifies the epistemic modal expressions into three types, according to the speaker’s commitment, as mentioned above. Based on the analysis results, how the Chinese modal expressions correspond to the Korean modal expressions is discussed. The corresponding relations between the Chinese and Korean modal expressions are as follows:[표]The following conclusions can be drawn from the above analysis results. First, the Chinese auxiliary verbs that belong to [necessity] and [probability] correspond to “-겠-(-gess-)” and “-ㄹ 것이다(-l geos-ida), ” which belong to [necessity]. Second, the Chinese auxiliary verbs that belong to [possibility] correspond to “-ㄹ 것 같다(-l geos gatda), ” “-ㄹ 듯싶다(-l deus-sipda), ” and “-ㄹ 듯하다(-l deushada), ” which belong to [probability]. Third, the Korean modal expressions that belong to [possibility] have a conditional relation with the Chinese modal adverbs, such as “可能(keneng)” and “也许(yexu).”

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