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Study of the poetry of Li Bai refering to Yellow crane tower

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2015, (39), pp.229-264
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2015..39.010
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : October 31, 2015

Suh, Yong-Jun 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In China, There has been a tale fablous and privailing from ancient till now. It was a story about Li Bai and Cui Hao, both were famous classic chinese poetics. That old tale retailed a scandal of fablous poet Li Bai. According that story, Li Bai had visited the Yellow crane tower and had tried to leaving his poetry on that tower. But he happened to strike the poetry of Cui Hao, ‘Yellow crane tower’ already remaining on the tower, and he could not help leaving the tower without making poetry. He could not fogget this affair and had grudge on Cui Hao and his poetry without appropriate reason. Finally Li Bai had plagiarized ‘Yellow crane tower’ and writed his poems, famous but notorious for his plagiarism, ‘Ascending Phoenix tower’ and ‘Parrot sandbank’ to revenge his mental shame. In spite of popularity of that story, it’s just a kind of anecdote of tourist attraction now. But lthough this ridiculos rumor of scandal had no reliable ground but had many internal contradictions, that tale might have suggest that possible context of Li Bai’s poetic mind. so that commitment of plagiarism signfied the critical change of his point of view on the meaning and metaphor of Yellow crane tower in his poetry. In Li Bai’s youths, Yellow crane tower was a symbol of hope and success to him. It was a place from where the immortal had flied and ascended to heaven riding on yellow crane. but in his old stage, through many experiences of failure and frustration, he had realized that there had been no flying crane ever on that tower during his miserable life. Yellow crane tower had becomed an emblem of discouragement to him, that old poet. There has been no yellow crane riding him to heaven(meant the honor of high goenment position). It had been absent for almost 1000 years according to the exaggeration of Cui Hao. The absence of crane in Yellow crane tower seemed fateful to these ancient chinese poets, and that situation was equivalent to that absence of phoenix in phoenix tower and absence of parrot in parrot sandbank, so the plagiarism made by Li Bai actually was an expression or a confession that Li Bai had fully sympathized with Cui Hao. The literary image of ‘Yellow crane tower’ of the poem of Cui Hao could be located between those liteary images of ‘Yellow crane tower’ of the poems of Li Bai as time advanced through his entire lifetime.

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