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Study on a typical feature of parting poem in Tang dynasty

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2017, (45), pp.87-111
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2017..45.004
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : August 31, 2017

Jin-A GO 1

1한국외국어대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Ancient Chinese people like to learn to walk around, so farewell was common. So the start of parting poem is very fast and can be found in the ‘ShiJing’. In the Tang Dynasty, parting poem has been specially developed. There are three reasons, first. in the Tang Dynasty, especially there was a lot of traveling. From the emperor to the commoner, they emphasized consciousness of farewell. When they parted, must share poetry. Second, a new function has occurred in parting poem. Beyond the function to convey emotion and meaning, it was noted as a means of social intercourse. So the Tang Dynasty had a large number of parting poem, it's got a new feature. The parting poem like a recommendation letter or introduction. Third, The combination of music and poetry was rife. Many famous poems were made into songs. Like this the prevalence of parting is not accidental, it is closely related to the age conditions. Tang parting poems not write about the pain of parting, write about scenery around, a big farewell party, their deep friendship. So Parting poem in Tang dynasty is different from previous one. Before the Tang dynasty, the main idea of the parting poem is the sorrow of parting. but After the Tang dynasty, Poets form a complex structure. It made of parting time, parting place, heartbreak. They enjoyed using typical expressions in parting poem. Because it is easy to feel same emotion. So South port·Willow·sunset·alcohol·Moon are constant use. They allowed poets and readers to sympathize. Parting poem in Tang dynasty achieved universailty of parting sorrow and artistic value.

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.