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Discussions on the problems of Chinese the elementary middle school students’ use of “Xiaofanzhuo” -- In case of city community

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2018, (47), pp.179-200
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2018..47.008
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 28, 2018

Park,Ai-Yang 1

1山東大學

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The article aims to introduce and provide an analysis on the phenomena caused by the emergence of “Xiaofanzhuo”, an entrusted institution for under aged students. “Xiaofanzhuo” is a small restaurant that voluntarily emerged in local communities post reform and opening up in China for children in dual income household or those who attend residential institutions. The socioeconomic development and the life style of the Chinese culture is associated in the “Xiaofanzhuo” which provides lunch and space for short naps to the students. Lunch hour for students last two hours mainly, and the Chinese students habitually take naps after the meal. The parents are also accompany the children in the trips to and from school. Such culture became strenuous for working parents and they needed help taking care of their children. The children needed a venue nearby the schools where they can find a warm lunch meal as well as a place to rest. Convenience and reasonable pricing allowed for fast wide spreading of “Xiaofanzhuo” in all of China. Such trend energized the Chinese social development which brought positive affects as well as some negative. However, regulations came into place regarding operations and licensing as sanitation, the quality of employees, the health and safety of the children at “Xiaofanzhuo” became a concern. In addition, the "Xiaofanzhuo" phenomena was amplified into a social concern for the education system and the local communities from taking care of lunch for the students. As an example, the education sector suggested making adjustments to the daily time table and to have schools provide lunch. So we can see “Xiaofanzhuo” which started as a place for lunch is revolving into the concept of “study room” in Korea as it incorporates its functions as more of an entrusted institution and the lunch culture for elementary and middle-school students is slowly changing.

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