본문 바로가기
  • Home

The Comparative Study of Zhuxi’s thought and “Practical Thought” about “Knowledge and Practice” ――  As the center on the Comparative Study of Zhuxi' and Hong Tae-Yong’s Theory

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2019, (51), pp.179-203
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2019..51.007
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : January 10, 2019
  • Accepted : February 20, 2019
  • Published : February 28, 2019

kang Chun-hwa 1

1덕성여자대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

“Knowledge and Practice” is one of the important category in Chinese epistemological philosophy. At knowing and doing theory, the famous Neo-Confucianist ZhuXi emphasized that “knowledge goeth before,and practice cometh after(知先行后)” 、“practice is larger than knowledge(行重于知)”and“knowledge advances together with practice(知行并进).” ①And Hong-DaeYong is one of the representative abandoning Neo-Confucianism scholar in the late Joseon Dynasty. On the one hand he has been undoubtedly inherited the idea of “Knowledge and Practice” from Zhuxi ,but on the other hand he has proposed a new abandoning Neo-Confucianism theory —“illuminative thought”. First,by “knowledge”, Zhuxi means the knowledge about the personal moral accomplishment in the “knowledge goeth before and practice cometh after”. And by “knowledge”, Hong-DaeYong means not only the knowledge about the personal moral accomplishment and self-knowledge ,but of the knowledge about the natural world . His thoughts have embodied the importance to practical research and practical knowledge ,which are the main points of abandoning Neo-Confucianism “illuminative thought” at knowing and doing theory. ②)And, secondly, by “practice”,Zhuxi does not mean the objective activities of the transformation of the natural world ,but main means “moral practice” about self-fulfilment and self-actualization in the “practice is larger than knowledge”. And by “practice”, Hong-DaeYong means not only “moral practice” about self-actualization,but of the objective practice about the transformation of the natural world and human society. He thinks that is the theory about “practice larger than knowledge” is more important than that about “knowledge goeth before and practice cometh after”,and particularly puts emphasis on the function of practice,These thoughts show the illuminative scholar have characteristic of emphasizing practical things and practical doing. ③Third, Zhuxi 's the theory about “knowledge advances together with practice”,means “moral knowledge” and “moral practice”need each other, discover each other,and keep moving forward together. However,Hong-DaeYong 's the theory about “knowledge advances together with practice” means not only moral self-knowledge and practice ,but of the knowledge and practice about the natural world and human society. He thinks “knowledge and practice” must be the unity ,must be keep moving forward together,and must be agreed at a higher level. As we can see the differences between Zhuxi ’s and Hong Tae-Yong ’s Theory about “Knowledge and Practice” and have identified the content of Hong Tae-Yong ’s Abandoning Neo-Confucianism from above three aspects content.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.