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Research on Korean-Chinese code-switching - Focusing on syntactic constraints and universal rules

  • The Journal of Study on Language and Culture of Korea and China
  • Abbr : JSLCKC
  • 2022, (65), pp.86-106
  • DOI : 10.16874/jslckc.2022..65.003
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Study on Chinese Languge and Culture
  • Research Area : Humanities > Chinese Language and Literature
  • Received : July 10, 2022
  • Accepted : August 20, 2022
  • Published : August 31, 2022

Minji Choi 1

1가톨릭관동대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study supports that code-switching is rule-governed, and aims to verify this hypothesis. This paper examines the definitions and characters of code-switching, and certain theories by Poplack and Myers-Scotton would be critically analyzed using by the data corpora in Korean-Chinese code-switching, which captured by recording conversations, collected from six teenagers of Korean Hua-Qiao. The outcome of this empirical study is that code-switching is governed rules. Code-switching is closely connected to the syntactic rules and grammatical constraints of the two languages. If code-switching obeys the grammatical constructions which the two language have, and the universal linguistics constraints, then the code-switching happens in the discourse somehow. Code-switching is one of the proof that bilinguals creative language skills in universal linguistic rules. This paper considers Switch-Alpha by Choi(1993) as a universal rule in code-switching. This is due to the fact that only this theory can explain diverse patterns of switching which other constraints(i.e. free morpheme constraint, equivalence constraint, Matrix Language Frame) can not explain. This lies in our hypothesis that code-switching is not arbitrary and random at all. Code-switching patterns are obviously various, but the patterns do not deviate from the grammatical constructions and syntactic constraints from the two languages.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.