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A Function of Opinion Formation in Women's Victory Songs

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2017, 23(1), pp.165-189
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2017.23.1.165
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : December 30, 2016
  • Accepted : February 6, 2017

Yoon Kyung Lee 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper attempts to examine the purpose of women’s victory songs. What did the women intend to deliver through songs with instruments and dancing? What was the purpose of women's victory songs? In this paper, I will analyze Miriam’s song and Deborah’s song in order to find the answer to this question, and how to form and even lead the public opinion in a strict patriarchal society. Miriam leads a group of women in the patriarchal social culture where the voices of individual women can not be heard, and conducts musical performances such as singing and dancing in public sphere. Through this performative activity, Miriam collects the voices of individual women, communicates their voices, and forms public opinion. Miriam and the women publicize the key fact that ‘not Moses but YHWH’ is a hero. Deborah’s song contains diverse networks, leads the public to break down stereotypes and creates new relationships in the network. Through the relationship between Deborah and Barak, this song suggests that in patriarchal societies men and women are not relationships of mastery or antagonism but of cooperation. Also, the relationship between Deborah and Yael suggests that women and women can cooperate, and particularly the ridiculous ridicule of Sisera’s mother makes a new idea of being a mother.

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