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Violence against war: war narratives from a Gender perspective

  • Korean Journal of Old Testament Studies
  • Abbr : KJOTS
  • 2021, 27(3), pp.248-275
  • DOI : 10.24333/jkots.2021.27.3.248
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Old Testament Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology
  • Received : July 15, 2021
  • Accepted : August 17, 2021

LeeEunAe 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper studied two texts (Judge 4-5: Judge 9) of the war narrative in the Old Testament. It presents a critical view of the war by revealing the violent characteristics and destructive consequences of the war, namely the conflict and confrontation between ethnic, social class, religion and gender. The fact that a woman ended the war by killing the head of the war in a mainly male-centered war can be defined as violence against the war. In the war between Canaan and Israel(Judge 4-5), Jael, the wife of Hebel the Kenite, killed Sisra, the commander of Canaan's army. In the violence of war full of conflict and confrontation, Jael's violence, who lies beyond political, ethnic, and religious distinctions and borders, finally ends the war and the land faces 40 years of peace without war. Also in the war narrative of Chapter 9 of Judge, the intersection of discrimination and violence in the multilayered confrontation can be found. It is both religious and social class and gender confrontation. The victims of the war were men and women who may not belong to Israel and were religiously worshippers of other god, but they were in the middle of the war, slaughtered and in danger of life. When a woman of them killed Abimelech, an illegal and vicious monarch, using one millstone as a weapon, is finally over the violent and threatening war. The study of war narratives in the Old Testament through the framework of various confrontations led to the discovery of various intertwined positions and intersections within the war, including ethnicity, politics, class, religion, and gender. It also asked questions about the form and legitimacy of an other violence against war, and eventually provided an opportunity to find alternatives to how to end the war and bring peace to the land. Through this study, we find God's unexpected salvation and uniqueness on the side of the weak in ways of bringing peace with the uselessness of war.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.