본문 바로가기
  • Home

The stoned Buddhist Triad of Gijang Jangansa’s main temple and late Joseon Dynasty’s Buddhist statue

Lee, Hee Jung 1

1문화재청 문화재감정실

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Only few major temples located in Busan have Buddhist sculptures of late Joseon Dynasty and those are at Beomeosa(Dongrae), Jangansa (Gijang). Within those areas, Haedong-Jido indicates that many big and small Buddhist temples were existed near Gijang area. It not only has the record of Seonyuhsa and Chijeongsa but also has the record of current existing temples such as Anjeoksa and Jangansa. Unlike many other temples, Jangansa (located in Busan Gijang-gun Jangan-eup Jangan-ri) stands on the same location as it was first constructed. Therefore, it still has many Buddhist artifacts which are the relics of the late Joseon Dynasty. These are the main temple, stoned buddhist triad (Seokjosamsebulsang) (1657), Eungjinjeon and Nahanjeon Buddhist statue (1684), and Myeongbujeon Buddhist painting (1856). One of the most recognized artifacts is Nokwon's stoned buddhist triad (Seokjosamsebulsang). Strong facial impression and its dress not only well represents sculptor's characteristics but also well sculpted Buddha's iconology in order to the temple's demand with difficult stone. Although Nokwon was Suhwaseung (Head of the Buddha Sculptor) of Gijang Jangansa's stoned buddhist triad (Seokjosamsebulsang), he also worked together with Jasu as his Chahwaseung (Deputy Head of Buddha Sculptor) of Ungcheon Sungheungsa Judgement Hall's Mokjojijangsiwangsang (it is now removed to Haeinsa Judgement Hall). Even though, the sculpted time are varies, their similarity leads future generation to assume either they are friends or classmates of same type of school. Since Myeongjun, Hakryun, and other sculptors who were involved in stoned Buddhist statue (Seokjosamsebulsang) do not have similar pattern, they might be a group of sculptor that the temple randomly employed for supporting purpose. In addition to this, all of main temple, Judgment Hall, and Eungjinjeon of Jangansa's Buddhist statues are made of stone. It is because of geographical strength that the supply of stone was easy in Guryongpo, Gampo, and East Sea area. I have been researched stoned Buddhist statue of Gijang Jangansa's Main temple to study late Joseon Dynasty's Buddhist statue, however, there are still many questions remaining because of lack of information of Buddhist statue of late Joseon Dynasty. Therefore, I would like to continue the study of Buddhist statue of late Joseon Dynasty with analyzing with more data and characteristics of Buddhist statue of Busan and Gyeongsang Province area.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.