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The Bilateral Relationship between the Mt. Kumgang Tourism and Peace on the Korean Peninsula through South-North Korean Exchanges

  • Journal of Tourism Sciences
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2020, 44(3), pp.9-29
  • DOI : 10.17086/JTS.2020.44.3.9.29
  • Publisher : The Tourism Sciences Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Social Science > Tourism
  • Received : November 8, 2019
  • Accepted : March 9, 2020
  • Published : May 1, 2020

Ko, Dong Wan 1 Lee, Sang-Hoon 1

1경기대학교

Excellent Accredited

ABSTRACT

Recently, tourism and peace are found to be highly relevant in many preceding studies. However there have been limited research efforts undertaken due to the lack of theoretical basis and empirical research in this field. Data from the Ministry of Unification were used to explore the relationships between peace and Mt. Kumgang Tourism on the Korean Peninsula. To supplement the findings from the cross correlation analysis, we discussed the relationship between the characteristics of the two Koreas' exchanges and the Mt. Geumgang tourism through the status of the two Koreas‘ exchange and cooperation projects since 1970. Tourism and peace were key variables in this study which were assessed by the number of visitors to the Mt. Kumgang and eight indicators for two Koreas exchanges and trade projects. The Mt. Kumgang tourism is highly correlated with four out of eight indicators of peace on the Korean Peninsula. When the relations between the two Koreas are strained, it appeared that the impact on the tourism appeared immediately. We suggest that the relationship between tourism and peace is bilateral.

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