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A Study on the Effectiveness and Educational Application of Visual Thinking Strategies(VTS)

  • Global Creative Leader: Education & Learning
  • Abbr : GCL
  • 2022, 12(3), pp.113-135
  • DOI : 10.34226/gcl.2022.12.3.113
  • Publisher : Research Institute for Gifted & Talented Education, Soongsil University
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : August 10, 2022
  • Accepted : September 6, 2022
  • Published : September 29, 2022

Sohn Ji Hyun 1

1서울교육대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Visual thinking strategies(VTS), which develops visual thinking skills through observing and discussing art, is an art appreciation education program created by Philip Yenawine and Abigail Housen in the 1990s. This study examines Vygotsky's social constructivism as a theoretical basis and educational method of VTS. The effects of VTS; were reviewed through appreciation education, critical thinking and transfer, and communication. Whereas the existing art appreciation education focused on information delivery and interpretation of works, VTS shared the meaning of works through constructive dialogue based on observations and the knowledge and experience of the viewers. There are three suggested ways to use VTS in education. First, through the discussion of VTS, artistic growth is possible that expands from artworks to images of various themes. Second, combining VTS and applying it to various subjects makes convergence education possible. By dealing with various images and linguistic texts as themes, creative inquiry centering on appreciation becomes possible. Third, educators can learn by participating in discussions and reflecting on their practice. Therefore, it becomes possible through the growth of a community of practice by developing professionalism together with teachers through discussion and reflecting on their implementation for schools and by participating in workshops.

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