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The Development Trajectory of Middle and High School Students' Academic Helplessness and Analysis of Influencing Factors by Grade

  • Global Creative Leader: Education & Learning
  • Abbr : GCL
  • 2023, 13(4), pp.83-109
  • DOI : 10.34226/gcl.2023.13.4.83
  • Publisher : Research Institute for Gifted & Talented Education, Soongsil University
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education
  • Received : November 13, 2023
  • Accepted : November 29, 2023
  • Published : December 30, 2023

Kim Eun-Young 1 Lim Sin il 2

1서울여자대학교
2예수대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to identify the change process and type of how middle and high school students’ academic helplessness changes over time and to explore factors that affect these changes. For this, data for a total of 4 years from the 1st year (1st year of middle school) to the 4th year(1st year of high school) of the KCYPS 2018 of first-year middle school students (total of 2,147 students, 1,150 male students, 997 female students) were used. A growth mixture model was used to explore the developmental and latent groups of academic helplessness and polynomial logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors on academic helplessness. As a result of the study, three latent groups were identified regarding developmental changes in academic helplessness. The three latent groups were divided into ‘decreasing group(3.3%)’, ‘management group(87%)’, and ‘increasing group(9.5%)’. The predictive factors for each latent group, self-esteem, teacher relationship, friend relationship, and parents' parenting attitude, academic achievement were confirmed as significant influencing factors at each time point from the first year of middle school to the first year of high school. The characteristics of the academic helplessness group were categorized starting from middle school, and the predictive factors were different by grade. Based on these research results, implications and support measures for reducing academic helplessness were discussed.

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