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The Sa-Dae'bu Houses' Burial mountains located in far distances, and Relocation of the graves, during the latter half period of the Joseon dynasty period

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2011, (103), pp.121-160
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Kim Kyeongsook 1

1조선대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Examined in this article, is the practice of relocating one's grave("遷葬"), which became a fashion fueled by the people's determination to honor their ancestors during the middle and the latter half of the Joseon dynasty period. Such practice became a fashion partly due to some changes in the location of people who were serving as guardians for their individual Houses' burial mountains. The case of the Hae'nam Yun house shows us how their 'distant' burial mountain located in the Gyeonggi-do province was replaced by a new and closer burial mountain in the Haenam and Gangjin areas, through relocation of the graves. This relocation of the graves, and also the arranging of a new mountain to house them, were all part of the descendants' efforts to successfully guard the mountains which were full of their ancestors' graves. This habit of relocating one's ancestors' graves was another reason for the outburst of lawsuits that concerned burial mountains("山訟") during the Joseon dynasty period. Such lawsuits broke out as well when graves for Yun Ih-seok and Yun Du-seo were being relocated, and although these two cases were apart from each other by almost a century, the reason for the conflicts were generally the same. In both cases, the descendants(Yun Ih-seok's and Yun Du-seo's) intended to move their graves to a closer location to themselves, and in the process they wished to resettle the graves upon another mountain which had been housing graves for distant relatives' ancestors too, yet were met by severe resistance by those distant relatives. We can see how such simple intentions could easily escalate into a legal conflict. When such incidents occurred, the House itself had to intervene as a mediator, and encourage both parties to seek for a reconciliation(和會).

Citation status

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