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The Trend and Tasks in the Account on Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident in High School History Textbooks

  • The Review of Korean History
  • 2011, (103), pp.209-249
  • Publisher : The Historical Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Han, Cheol-Ho 1

1동국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident is regarded as an example among the many cases occurred in contemporary Korean history. The truth of the Incident was revealed and the impaired reputation of the victims was regained in 2003. But dispute continues over the cause, nature, and evaluation of that Incident. Reflecting the circumstances, the accounts on the Incident in high school history textbooks show the interrelationship of current situation, curriculum, frame of reference and perspective of the authors. This paper analyzes the trend in the description on Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident in Korean Modern and Contemporary History Textbooks and Korean History Textbooks and suggests some ideas for future textbook writing. First, we need to be more careful in setting up Curriculum and the Writing Guide (or National Standard) that influence the authors' textbook writing significantly. The Curriculum and Writing Guide for Korean Modern and Contemporary History and Korean History were made under the influence of the political situations at that time. The account on Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident has shown deviation. Thus it is suggested that the Curriculum be revised in order to secure the author's autonomy and neutrality to the maximum while providing the minimal writing guideline, on the one hand, and to provide the necessity and justness of the account on the Incident by reflecting recent results such as Reports on the Truth of Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident, on the other. Next, the textbook authors should write correctly with a correct perception on Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident. Some authors don't write even the fact of the Incident reflecting their own disposition. The government is impairing the neutrality of history education by its control and nullifying the intent of the inspection system. But the textbook authors should try to describe the truth of the Incident with a sense of mission as historian and history educator because history textbooks guide history education and have great influence on middle and high school students whose historical perspectives are yet to be formed. Thus textbook authors should describe Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident for the realization of the purpose of history education. Textbooks must lead the students to understand the Incident in diverse perspective and to find its nature and significance for themselves beyond simple memorization. Though the authors are losing their space for writing due to the decrease in the quantity of contemporary history part, they should do their best to provide the measures for fostering the sense of peace by writing about Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident. Lastly, it is suggested that textbook writers, researchers, institutes, and other institutions relevant to Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident have more communication and interchange. By increasing their communication and cooperation with in-depth studies of the Incident, they should develop matters for textbook writing and expand the scope of mutual understanding. This will help the authors write history textbooks by grasping the truth and essence of Jeju 4ㆍ3 Incident in spite of relatively insufficient space permitted in history textbook.

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