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A Study on the Issues of Ethnic Minorities in China : Focused on the Cases of Resistance and Assimilation

  • 인문논총
  • 2012, 30(), pp.269-292
  • Publisher : Institute for Human studies, Kyungnam University
  • Research Area : Humanities > Other Humanities

Kim, Tae-shik 1

1경남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

China has over 1.3 billion people and it has emerged as a powerful nation with its rapid economic growth since the Reform and Opening Policy. China has become the only counterweight to the world’s superpower America, however, it has revealed various unexpected problems. The internal ethnic issue is one of those problems and it was magnified in the process of the Beijing Olympics in recent years. China is composed of the absolute majority Han and 55 ethnic minorities. Those ethnic minorities are with a wide range of population size and mainly live in the border areas. Chinese government can not tolerate every single movement of independence by any of those ethnic minorities for the purpose of retaining national security, ethnic integration and geopolitical importance of border areas. Therefore, China tries to bring harmony between ethnic groups by implementing various related policies. Under these circumstances, a split of China caused by ethnic strife is constantly being questioned from the outside world, and thus this study aims at getting a clear answer to that question. As a result of research, this study asserts that Chinese ethnic issue is not a big factor for the long term national stability in light of international situation and the policies implemented by the Chinese government.

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