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pISSN : 2733-8649 / eISSN : 2733-8657

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2019, Vol.25, No.2

  • 1.

    A Comparative Study of Floor Area and Average Distance of Nurse Working of Planned Courtyard in Ward

    KIMJEAWON , Yang, Nae-won | 2019, 25(2) | pp.7~16 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The courtyard in the ward can light and ventilate in the central space and corridor of the ward. It is possible to improve the disadvantages of the existing double-corridor ward. Also, there is the advantage in that patients are able to contact with nature indoors and cause positive activities. So, the purpose of this study is quantitatively analyze the floor area and the average distance of nurse working of the courtyard in ward. Methods: The subjects are converted through the same criteria setting. And it investigate and analyze the influence of the courtyard in the ward through the analysis of the spatial composition. Result: The factors that affected the floor area increase are the planning courtyard, the corridor type and the dispersion of the medical rooms. The average distance of nurse working is more influenced by the nursing management system of the hospital than by the courtyard. So, It can improve according to the position and number of nurse station. Implications: It can be used as a primary data for courtyard plan in the ward for positive patient environment plan considering the floor area, average distance of nurse working.
  • 2.

    A Study on the Healing Environment with Architectural Spatial Composition in Healthcare Facilities - Focused on the Space Analysis of Sou Fujimoto's Healthcare Projects

    Jeong Tae Jong | 2019, 25(2) | pp.17~25 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The analysis of spatial composition is required for the creation of healing environment in healthcare facilities. This study has been accomplished to provide basic data for the planning and design of hospital architecture. Methods: Literature review of healing environment and investigation on characteristics of spatial composition in healthcare facilities have been conducted. The architectural plans of four Sou Fujimoto's healthcare projects have been analyzed with space syntax. Results: The result of this research can be summarized as followed. First of all, the healing environments are consisted with architectural composition in addition to physical and psychological factors for healing environment. The second one is that the characteristics of spatial composition in Sou Fujimoto's healthcare projects are different private/public/corridor relationships in program configuration, loop or one direction circulation, combined or independent corridor with program, and radical or linear connection in spatial connection methods. The third one is that the characteristics of spatial composition in selected cases through space syntax are high variation on integration, low variation on connectivity, and high distribution in main circulation on ERAM(3). Implications: In addition to the specific spatial composition in healthcare facilities of the architect's project, it is necessary to analyze the relationship with other factors and facilities to develop the planning of hospital architecture.
  • 3.

    A Study of the Spatial Composition and the Facility Criteria of In-patient Rooms in General Hospitals after MERS 2015

    HYUNJIN LEE , Kwon, Soon-Jung | 2019, 25(2) | pp.27~35 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study is to address the spacial composition of a standard ward and bedroom size for sake of infection control and efficient medical service. Methods: Spacial composition of a standard ward has been proposed by comparative analysis of 5 big hospitals’ wards. Bedroom sizes have been explored on the ground of Health care facility regulations from Korea, USA, Australia and Canada. Of course, Literature and field survey have been conducted in order to draw out various bedroom sizes. Results: 16 basic and some other additional spaces have been proposed for the composition of hospital standard ward. Area of Single bedroom is 11.6㎡, and that of multi-beded room is 7.4㎡. Bed to bed Clearance is 1.5m, spacing between bedsize and hard wall is 0.9m in 1~2 beded room, 0.75m in 4-beded room. Space clearance between Foot side of bed and curtain is proposed as 0.3m and additional 0.9m is necessary for the circulation. Implications: The result of this study can be applied to the new cons.
  • 4.

    Analysis of Architectural Characteristics to Utilize Senior Centers as an Community Anchor Space in Apartment Complex

    Eun, Nan soon , Park, Hae-Sun | 2019, 25(2) | pp.37~50 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the space planning of the Senior Center which was supplied recently in apartment complex, to activate the spaces suitable for the changes and needs of the elderly and to explore the complex functions as a community space where intergenerational exchanges are possible. In other words, we sought implications for the physical plan of the district as a community base space and searched for improvement plan. Methods: The survey was conducted by five large private sectors of construction, and 10 of them were built after 2010 in an urban area(Seoul). Literature review, data analysis, field survey and interview were used for the research method. Results: As a result, it was difficult to meet the demands of various elderly people in the space planning, program and operation mode at the current level. In particular, the Baby Boomer generation as an active silver generation will not use the Senior Center. Therefore, based on the results of the survey, we propose some of the following about the Senior Center in apartment complex. First, it is necessary to change the term "the Senior Center" as defined in Article 55-2 of the "Regulations on Housing Construction Standards, etc.". Second, the criteria for setting up the elderly complex space should be presented specifically. Third, it is necessary to secure financial resources in operation and management. Finally, it is necessary to support the residents' organization for community revitalization. Implication: Through the amendment of the laws, it will be possible for various generations to have opportunities to interact by activating the existing community spaces for seniors. It will also contribute to improving the community of apartment complexes.
  • 5.

    A Chronological Study on the Transformation and the Spatial Characteristics of Ambulatory Care Facilities in the United States

    Lee, Sukyung , Yoon Kyung Choi | 2019, 25(2) | pp.51~62 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Purpose: This study aims to examine spatial characteristics of ambulatory care department Chronologically through case studies; and to consider the social implication of these spatial changes. Methods: In this study, a total of eight ambulatory care departments, one or two for each period, were selected in order to analyze the spatial characteristics. Results: First, since the 1990s, the outpatient department of the US has been changed into a patient-centered space by providing high quality outpatient medical services through individual exam room planning. Second, the exam room has been changed from open/semi-open/group exam room to individual exam room since 1990, and the trend is shifting from the cluster type to the modular type consisting of universal exam rooms in order to achieve the flexibility of exam room. Third, the diagnostic/testing area has been deployed to the ambulatory clinic to enable 'one-stop shopping' for patients-centered care since 1990s, however, it has been disappearing since 2000 due to Reduce medical expenses. Fourth, the Central Nursing Station type first appeared in the outpatient department In the 2000s, followed by the type of decentralized nursing station type since 2010s. And fifth, the area of medical support has been placing to be concentrated on one place due to the Lean Design strategy since 2010. Implications: In the future, it is expected that Korea will be more focused on efficiency, visual control, and flexibility in the planning of the ambulatory care department as in the case of the United States.
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