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Study on Application of Psycho-motoric Program for Children with Mental Retardation

  • Journal of Special Education: Theory and Practice
  • Abbr : JSPED
  • 2006, 7(1), pp.197-214
  • Publisher : Research Institute of the Korea Special Education
  • Research Area : Social Science > Education

김윤태 1

1마브륵대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study is to review the historical and theoretical background of the psycho-motoric approach for mentally retarded children and to examine the educational and therapeutic effect thereof through intensive analysis of an empirical case study. This psycho-motoric approach is a therapeutic educationcentered upon the capability of children with emphasis upon their physical experiences. Children are to experience changeability of their bodily situation through a series of well-designed physical movements and thereby to feel and recognize the existence of their true being. In psycho-motoric approach in education of mentally retarded children is represented by the psycho-motoric practice treatment method by E. Kiphard, the capability-oriented perspective by F. Schilling and the understanding-oriented perspective by J. Seewald. An empirical research by Marburg University in Germany based on Dr. Schilling's capability-oriented approach performed on an 11-year old schoolgirl with distinctive mental retardation has been introduced, wherein a psycho-motoric program was applied to perform the direct test, assessment and evaluation. Through the analysis of this case, a specific application process of a psycho-motoric program has been substantiated. Further, future studies aresuggested to standardize assessments and develop individualized program models for Korean population.

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